“What is a fish without a river? What is a bird without a tree to nest in? What is an Endangered Species Act without any enforcement mechanism to ensure their habitat is protected? It is nothing.”
From the very true saying of Mr. Jay Inslee, here we are, the human race standing quiet, with our mere cruel existence, thinking just about ourselves, our future, future of our generations. Our whole world revolves around the word “our”. Has it been so tough to realize the fact that we were not the only living creatures sent to the planet? Talking about the bond we share with our comrades around the planet; we have numerous words that show the love we shower on the taciturn, tight-lipped beings, such as plundering, poaching, etc.
According to the sources of the World Wildlife Fund, there were nearly as many as 10 million wild elephants who were the habitats of the dense swath of Africa but the continuous never ending poaching of wildlife caused a drop of nearly 111,000 elephants in a span of a decade. But rather than the alarmingly reduced rates of the endangered African tusks bearers, what surprises us more is the reluctance of the fact that this approach of the humans towards nature is disturbing not only the ecosystem but the human race at the very same time. Such ignorance on the part of the humans shows their intellect because now we can observe that just for temporary monetary happiness they are destructing the natural vibrancy of the planet, its animals, which eventually affects the ecosystem.
Why Are African Elephants Endangered?
The query about why such a massive massacre is done has undergone several surveys. According to the reports, today, we are left with approximately less than 415,000 of African elephants to embellish and adorn the wild. Researches show that the key reasons for poaching could be listed as:
- Ivory businesses
- Due to the ever-increasing human population
- Recreation orthodoxy
- Increasing conflicts with humans
Elaborating on the above-stated points, we get various information on this grave issue by diving deep into the statistics of the poaching of these elephants.
The Ivory trade is internationally banned and this is acknowledged by people around the world, but acknowledging, as they say, is never equal to implementing. The lust for monetary pleasure, and the unexplained demands for ivory jewelry pat on the shoulders of the traders, the consumers as well as the poachers. According to the statistics provided, nearly 10,000 wild elephants are killed each year only for this vague ivory trading, with China being the biggest consumer around the globe. This ban on ivory trading was introduced by CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) in the year 1989. Not only poaching but also climatic disasters caused the disappearance of several herds in some areas. Better reports were reported after the ban was ensured, but the corruption in these forestry departments and the strong uprising demands of ivory has always been a reason for the upsurge of illegal trafficking in the ivory market. The disheartening decline in the population of these beautiful species can only be stopped by us.
Not just the ivory thing but also the increased human population plays a major role in the poaching processes. Humans talk about being selfless and innumerable preaching which only leads to the growth of a number of books in libraries rather than the growth of statistics of the number of the wild tuskers. There is a never-ending demand for residence. Killing forest habitants makes it easier for people to expand their territories. They have forgotten that each one had been allotted a zone to reside in. Invading the regions of wild beings is not an option. Rather than population control for themselves, the humans are more focussed on reducing the population of already reduced ones. Such kind of cruelty on our parts is both ethically and practically wrong.
Another major issue, being the clashes of the humans with the wild is something which is not totally under our control. For such cases, the government should act wisely on its part and look for proper measures to barricade between the humans and the wild ones. Elephants do raid the farmers, destructing their fields, causing non-retrieval losses, but killing them in retaliation is never a solution.
Not just these, but people still exist who kill animals in fancy. Gone were the days where hunting was a part of recreation. If humans consider themselves to be a part of educated mass then, poaching for fun comes nowhere in the rulebook of the educated people. Certain issues like these are reported that actually is very disappointing on the part of humans that they actually kill animals just for fun purposes.
The reasons for endangering of the African elephants is not a very compact issue, that requires overnight implication of certain rules and saves the wild ones from extinction. It requires several strategies, planning, themes in consideration with the ecosystem and most importantly an honest, earnest spirit of saving these beautiful, huge tusk bearers.
A few facts about these beauties comprise of their amazingly social behavior (obviously except a few cases) they live in herds led by an older, single female, the matriarch. In the savannah, their families join together and form a clan of more than 70 members. It is known that the male members (also known as bull) of the African elephant clan generally resides alone. The ones living in the deeper wild generally have a smaller family unit and wander about separately.
Hence, we must try our level best to conserve whatever few African elephants are left in the wild, before they go extinct. Conservation efforts are going on strong and we’re hoping to hear some good news soon.